Wine Information Council

Wine Information Council

In this large prospective study (data from the UK Biobank cohort), a high healthy lifestyle index (HLI), which is composed of good diet quality, low consumption of alcoholic beverages, no smoking, moderate to high physical activity, and waist circumference < 80 cm was associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer among postmenopausal women. The authors concluded that following a healthy lifestyle may reduce the risk of breast cancer among normal weight postmenopausal women. The results of this study show that it is important to consider not just one but several modifiable lifestyle habits when evaluating the risk of a multifactorial disease such as breast cancer.

 

Source: Peila R, Arthur RS, Dannenberg AJ, Rohan TE. Association of a Healthy Lifestyle Index with Risk of Breast Cancer among Women with Normal Body Mass Index in the UK Biobank. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 Dec 21. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-21-0765. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34933955.

For more information about this abstract, click here.

While excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages has been associated with an increased risk of developing osteoporosis, there are still controversial data regarding light to moderate intake.

The results of this meta-analysis showed a consistent evidence that increased consumption of alcoholic beverages is associated with a higher risk of osteoporotic fractures. However, the role of alcohol at lower doses is uncertain, since bone mineral density (BMD) was even higher in moderate consumers compared to abstainers. The authors explain that interpreting the results on alcohol consumption is very complex. Moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages is characteristic of certain dietary patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet, which represents a bond with the cultural heritage in certain populations and has been associated with heath benefits.

In addition, another feature related to moderate intake is the typical consumption during meals, which represents a crucial difference from “modern” patterns of alcohol consumption characterized by binge drinking in a different context than meals. There is confusion between modern alcohol drinking patterns and consumption of alcoholic beverages within the context of a cultural heritage and providing health benefits associated with such habits, such as a moderate daily consumption during meals – as opposed to binge drinking. In addition, beverages such as wine contain a variety of active compounds, mainly polyphenols, which may explain at least partly, the potential health benefits. Therefore, consumers of alcoholic beverages should consider that both the dose and patterns of consumption may impact bone health.

 

Source: Godos J, Giampieri F, Chisari E, Micek A, Paladino N, Forbes-Hernández TY, Quiles JL, Battino M, La Vignera S, Musumeci G, Grosso G. Alcohol Consumption, Bone Mineral Density, and Risk of Osteoporotic Fractures: A Dose-Response Meta-Analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jan 28;19(3):1515. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19031515. PMID: 35162537; PMCID: PMC8835521.

For more information about this abstract, click here.

The association between drinking alcoholic beverages and Helicobacter pylori[1] infection is unclear, with previous mixed and inconclusive results.

Thus, a meta-analysis was conducted to summarise and clarify this association. A comprehensive quest of research databases identified studies investigating the association between drinking and H. pylori infection and the strength of this relationship was evaluated. 24 individual studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results of this meta-analysis suggested that the risk of H. pylori infection was significantly lower in drinkers of alcoholic beverages than non-drinkers, possibly because alcohol has an antibiotic-like, destructive effect on H. pylori. Wine drinkers or those who consumed mixed types of alcoholic beverages had a lower risk of infection compared with beer drinkers. According to the researchers, this could be explained by the combined effect of alcohol and resveratrol (which is present in red wine but not beer).

Overall, there seems to be an inverse association between the consumption of alcoholic beverages and H. pylori infection. However, the authors discourage reducing an H. pylori infection through drinking alcoholic beverages due to the potential increases in risk of other diseases.

 

[1]  Helicobacter pylori is a type of bacteria which is usually found in the stomach. Infection with H. pylori is one of the world’s most common diseases and approximately two-thirds of the world’s population is affected with this bacteria in their body. For most people, it doesn’t cause ulcers or any other symptoms. However, after many years, it can cause chronic gastritis, gastric ulcers and for some people, such an infection can lead to stomach cancer. 

 

Source: Du P, Zhang C, Wang A, Ma Z, Shen S, Li X. Association of Alcohol Drinking and Helicobacter pylori Infection: A Meta-analysis. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2021 Dec 15. doi: 10.1097/MCG.0000000000001638. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34907920.

For more information about this abstract, click here.

 

 

A large prospective study among type 2 diabetics showed how important it is to consider several lifestyle habits in context. A healthy lifestyle defined by seven low-risk lifestyle factors1 was significantly related to a longer life expectancy (lower risk of total mortality) and a lower risk of dying from cancer, CVD, respiratory and digestive disease regardless of the diabetes severity. Moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages was one of these seven lifestyle factors.

1non-smoking, moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages, regular physical activity, healthy diet, less sedentary behaviour, adequate sleep duration, appropriate social connection

 

Source: Han H, Cao Y, Feng C, Zheng Y, Dhana K, Zhu S, Shang C, Yuan C, Zong G. Association of a Healthy Lifestyle With All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Prospective Study in UK Biobank. Diabetes Care. 2022 Feb 1;45(2):319-329. doi: 10.2337/dc21-1512. PMID: 34857534.

For more information about this abstract, click here.

 

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