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Updated information about scientific approaches and research field.

A Chinese meta-analysis of prospective studies supports a J-shaped dose-risk association between the consumption of alcoholic beverages and colon cancer; however, heavy alcohol drinking is associated with an increased colon cancer mortality. There is a widespread acceptance that consumption of alcoholic beverages and colorectal cancer (CRC) are causally related. However, the quantitative association between alcohol drinking and CRC mortality is still an open question. Chinese researchers carried out a systemic review and meta-analysis on epidemiological studies to quantify the risk…
The results from a Swiss study add evidence that earlier parental influences seem to have an ongoing impact on drinking patterns of young adult men. A recent study in Switzerland determined whether parental factors earlier in life (parenting, single parent family, parental substance use problem) are associated with drinking patterns among young men. The analysis is based on a population sample from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) which included 5,990 young men (average age 19.5 years)…
The findings of a Russian study showed that due to excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, more than a quarter of Russian males and 18.4% of females die prematurely from stroke. The mortality rate from stroke in Russia is one of the highest in the world. Epidemiological evidence suggests that binge drinking is an important determinant of this high stroke rate. A study was carried out to estimate the premature stroke mortality attributable to alcohol abuse in Russia on the basis…
A Greek study reported that those individuals who consumed up to one glass per day had a 53% lower risk of developing diabetes within 10 years compared to abstainers. Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. According to the International Diabetes Federation, its global prevalence was approximately 8% in 2011 and is predicted to rise up to 10% by 2030. However, many governments and public health planners remain largely unaware of the current prevalence of diabetes…
A large cohort study showed that light consumption of alcoholic beverages (1 drink/day) was associated with a favourable effect on the individual Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) components. Light drinking might therefore moderate the negative effect of smoking on MetS. The Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is present in approximately quarter of the adult European population and is mainly the consequence of overweight and obesity. The syndrome is made up of several components such as a high plasma glucose level, high triglycerides, low HDL…
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