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The 2022 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study (1) is a meta-analysis and modelling study, where 22 alcohol-related health risks in 204 countries were examined. Unlike the study results released in 2018, the alcohol-related health risks in every country were taken into account this time. The results show that the risks from the consumption of alcoholic beverages vary greatly depending on the disease, age, and region. The study confirms a J-shaped risk association between heart attack and stroke mortality –…
The often-reported protective association of moderate alcohol intake with cardiovascular disease is frequently debated and whether the benefits are “real” or the result of methodological errors of the studies - has often been questioned. It is important to clarify this issue since cardiovascular diseases are the number 1 cause of death worldwide. The main critiques of studies, which found benefits of a moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages and cardiovascular health were: the selection of the reference group and, the lack…
A Spanish systematic review and meta-analysis identified a possible protective effect of moderate wine consumption[1] on the development of cognitive decline. The authors caution, however, that the results do not suggest that the population should increase their wine consumption since this could be harmful. However, considering their results, low wine consumption could be promoted among other lifestyle factors, including the Med Diet, as an effective habit to prevent or delay cognitive deterioration in the healthy population. They also suggest that…
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is rising at an alarming rate worldwide and is becoming a public health priority. In 2021, it affected 537 million individuals and is responsible for 6.7 million deaths. Persons with diabetes are more likely to develop cardiovascular diseases and cancer. T2D is the result of a combination of genetic predisposition, obesity and lifestyle factors such as smoking, sedentary lifestyle and poor diet, among others. Some lifestyle changes can prevent T2D, the beneficial effects of a Mediterranean…
Thursday, 28 April 2022 10:53

Less weight gain with a Mediterranean diet?

The current meta-analysis showed that adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a lower risk of overweight/obesity and less weight gain. The Mediterranean diet (Med Diet) – mainly a plant-based diet including moderate wine consumption – is regarded as one of the healthiest diets. A long-term adherence has been related to a lower risk of degenerative diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, metabolic syndrome, etc. Overweight and obese individuals are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, CVD,…
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