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When results of observational studies show health benefits for moderate wine drinkers and an increased risk for teetotallers (“J curve”), criticism often arises, assuming that methodological limitations might be responsible for the results. Constantly, critics question that a J-shaped relationship between moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages, in particular wine, and various health benefits exists. In some international reports, it is being communicated that any consumption of alcoholic beverages is harmful to health and a complete abstinence is preferable. The association…
Early June 2021, the 2nd “Science and Wine Congress - wine and olive oil production, the fluid aspects of the Mediterranean Diet” took place online from Porto. Besides topics such as reusing the polyphenols that appear through the wine and olive oil production, the latest scientific evidence of wine and health issues was particularly discussed. Wine in Moderation as partner of the conference At the beginning of the conference, George Sandeman, former president of Wine in Moderation and one of…
Liver diseases are widely underestimated but are increasing worldwide. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and alcoholic liver disease (ALD) are the most prevalent ones. Typically, both result in steatosis (abnormal retention of fat) and inflammation with progression to fibrosis, cirrhosis, and eventually liver failure. In the past, it was associated with chronic excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages but there is evidence that binge drinking can also result in liver dysfunction. These reviews looked at the increased binge drinking and the…
We often hear or read ”a study has shown…”. However, what initially sounds convincing or serious, needs to be looked at more carefully, since there are many different types of studies that differ not only with regards to their design but also to their level of scientific evidence. Whether a health measure can be recommended or not, for example, cannot be decided based on the opinion of a few experts only. In the age of evidence-based medicine, it needs to…
Recent headlines have stated that moderate wine consumption may prevent cataracts. What are the practical implications/practical significance of these headlines? What is it all about? Age-related cataract is the leading cause of visual impairment worldwide. With an ageing population and a greater life expectancy, the number of individuals with cataract is likely to increase. A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s lens. It normally develops slowly and does not affect the vision at the beginning. However, over time and…
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