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Portuguese Health Authorities publish the Mediterranean Diet Wheel, associating wine in moderation with the Mediterranean eating pattern. In a document called the “Mediterranean wheel” and published in June by the Portuguese Ministry of Health, consumers are recommended to adopt healthy eating and drinking habits linked to the Mediterranean Diet. The “Wheel of Mediterranean Diet – culture, tradition & balance” advises to: Choose local and seasonal foods; Valorise healthy gastronomy; Share meals and traditions; Use aromatic herbs; Remember dried fruits; Exercise…
In this prospective study, the influence of smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages on the risk of pancreatitis was investigated. American scientists conducted a prospective analysis of 145,886 participants in the “Multi-Ethnic” cohort to examine the relationship of alcohol drinking and smoking with pancreatitis. The results showed that smoking cigarettes was associated with gallstone-related acute pancreatitis and recurrent acute/chronic pancreatitis. In contrast, moderate intake of alcoholic beverages was inversely associated with all types of pancreatitis in women, and with acute…
The Mediterranean way of drinking – regular but moderate wine consumption with food - increases longevity, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and does not appreciably influence the overall risk of cancer. According to an Italian research team, the total mortality risk can assess the best the balance between health benefits and risks. The great majority of epidemiological studies investigating the relationship between alcohol consumption and mortality show a J-shaped curve. The lowest mortality and maximum protective effect was observed…
In recent years, the intake of alcoholic beverages has probably been underestimated in population studies in the UK due to bigger glasses and an increase in the wines’ strength. This underestimation affects the estimates of mortality risk. A scientific report from the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London (UK) suggests that wine consumption has been misclassified due to the increases in glass sizes and wine strength over the last 25 years. The scientists explored whether this misclassification …
The current meta-analysis is the first to explore the relationship between specific types of alcoholic beverages and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The results indicated that moderate wine drinkers had a significantly lower risk of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease characterised by high blood glucose levels and a lack of insulin or a reduced ability of cells to respond to insulin in transporting glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues (insulin resistance).…

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