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For the first time, a meta-analysis has been conducted to systematically evaluate the relationship between moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages and the risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI = state between normal aging and dementia) and the progression to dementia (PDM). A non-linear (J-shaped) dose-response association between alcohol intake and the risk of progressing to dementia was observed. Excessive drinking (> 16 drinks/week, or 27.5g/day) was related to a higher risk of PDM, whereas light and moderate drinkers had a…
Studies examining the association of low to moderate drinking with various cognitive functions have yielded mixed findings. The current study investigated whether a relationship exists between low to moderate drinking of alcoholic beverages and cognitive function or changes in cognitive function from middle age to older age among US adults. This prospective Health and Retirement Study counted almost 20.000 participants who were followed up for 9 years. The study participants (average age 62 years) were predominantly white and women. They…
This review gives a critical compilation of both the beneficial and the detrimental effects of wine consumption on oral cavity cancer. The health benefits of a moderate consumption of wine have been extensively studied during the last few decades. Some studies have shown a protective relationship between moderate drinking and several diseases including oral cavity cancer (OCC). However, due to the various adverse effects related to the ethanol content, the recommendation to drink wine moderately has been controversial. The polyphenolic…
This review article supports a better translation of scientific evidence about moderate wine consumption as part of the Mediterranean diet into the clinical practice of type 2 diabetes patients. It is written by a physician who demands that a more balanced and accurate information is needed, so patients can make informed decisions. The author describes that the spectre of uncertainty and fear of alcoholic beverages is haunting Europe and North America. It has affected a large part of the population…
Whether or not the source of funding of a study automatically leads to bias in its reporting and interpretation of results is an important topic. When assessing the relation between the consumption of alcoholic beverages and health outcomes, there is the argument that funding of research by the alcoholic beverage industry can lead to sponsorship bias. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the sponsorship bias in observational alcohol studies by focusing on various health outcomes. Industry funding…
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